Thursday, July 3, 2008

Medic And Intro

(speakin' Version) Medic is career that can improves our life. Here is introduction about Medicine.

Medicine is the practice of maintaining and restoring
human health through the study, diagnosis, and treatment of patients whose death it is the discipline's ultimate concern to avert. It has traditionally been regarded as both an art and a science: the term is derived from the Latin ars medicina meaning the art of healing. Whilst health science and biomedicine, clinical medicine, surgery and research are together the very bedrock of contemporary medicine, successful face-to-face relief of actual suffering resulting from disease and injury continues to require the intangible application of human feeling and compassion.

The earliest type of medicine in most cultures was the use of empirical natural resources like plants (
herbalism), animal parts and minerals. In all societies, including Western ones, there were also religious, ritual and magical resources. In aboriginal societies, there is a large scope of medical systems related to religious thinking, cultural experience, and natural resources. The religious ones more known are: animism (the notion of inanimate objects having spirits); spiritualism (here meaning an appeal to gods or communion with ancestor spirits); shamanism (the vesting of an individual with mystic powers); and divination (the supposed obtaining of truth by magic means). The field of medical anthropology studies the various medical systems and their interaction with society, while prehistoric medicine addresses diagnosis and treatment in prehistoric times.
The practice of medicine developed gradually in
ancient Egypt, Babylonia, India, Sri Lanka, China, Greece, Persia, the Islamic world, medieval Europe and early modern period in Persia (Rhazes and Avicenna), Spain (Abulcasis and Avenzoar), Syria/Egypt (Ibn al-Nafis, 13th century), Italy (Gabriele Falloppio, 16th century), England (William Harvey, 17th century). Medicine as it is now practiced largely developed during the 19th and 20th centuries in Germany (Rudolf Virchow, Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen, Robert Koch), Austria (Karl Landsteiner, Otto Loewi), United Kingdom (Edward Jenner, Alexander Fleming, Joseph Lister, Francis Crick), New Zealand (Maurice Wilkins), Australia (Howard Floery, Frank Macfarlane Burnet), Russia (Nikolai Korotkov), United States (William Williams Keen, Harvey Cushing, William Coley, James D. Watson), Italy (Salvador Luria), Switzerland (Alexandre Yersin), Japan (Kitasato Shibasaburo), and France (Jean-Martin Charcot, Claude Bernard, Louis Pasteur, Paul Broca and others). The new "scientific" or "experimental" medicine (where results are testable and repeatable) replaced early Western traditions of medicine, based on herbalism, the Greek "four humours" and other pre-modern theories.


farizah said...


LittlePrincess said...